What are the Types of Sexually Transmitted Diseases?
Sexually Transmitted Disease
This type of disease refers to a condition from one individual to another by sexual relationship. Sexually transmitted diseases can also spread through having unprotected oral, anal, and vaginal sex with any person who is suffering from any sexual diseases. Sexually transmitted diseases are also known as venereal diseases or sexually transmitted infections.
It does not mean that sex is the main cause of this type of disease. It also depends on the specific sexual disease or infection that may also spread by sharing breastfeeding and needles.
Types of Sexual Transmitted Diseases (STD)
There are several types of infections or diseases through sexual contact are as given below –
HPV (Human Papillomavirus) :
It is a virus that can be passed from one person to another by sexual contact. There are several different strains of the virus in which some are more dangerous than others. Some of the most common symptoms of HPV is warts on the throat, genitals, and mouth. Several strains of HPV infection can lead to several cancers such as
- Penile cancer
- Oral cancer
- Vulvar cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Rectal cancer
Most of the cases of HPV do not become cancerous in human beings. Some of the strains of the virus are more likely to cause cancer than others. As per the National Cancer Institute, the majority of the cases of HPV-related cancer in the United States are mainly caused by HPV 18 and HPV 16. These two strains of HPV are responsible and increases the risk of cervical cancer cases.
There is no treatment for HPV but HPV infections may clear up on their own. A vaccine is also available for protecting against several most dangerous strains including HPV 18 and HPV 16.
This sexual disease may increase the risk of contracting other viruses or bacteria and can damage the immune system and also causes several cancers. It also causes stage 3 HIV known as AIDS.
During the early stages, the common symptoms of HIV are as given below –
- Pains and Aches
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Sore throat
These starting symptoms are occurring after one month of HIV. Any person can carry HIV without developing persistent or serious symptoms for several years. Other people who may develop generic symptoms including
- Problem in stomach
- Recurrent fatigue
There is no medicine for this sexual disease but some of the treatment options are available to manage it. The proper treatment can also lower the risk of transmitting HIV to your partner and also reduce the amount of HIV in your body for undesirable levels.
A specific type of bacteria causes this sexual disease and one of the most common in the United States as per the Centers for Disease, Control and Prevention (CDC). There are some of the people which are suffering from chlamydia with no noticeable symptoms.
But several symptoms of c
hlamydia are as discussed below –
- Feel pain in the abdomen
- During urination or sex, discomfort or pain
- It may yellow or green discharge from the vagina or penis.
This sexual disease is one of another infection that goes unnoticed in its early stages. The chancre is one of the early stages symptoms of Syphilis and can develop on your anus, genitals, and mouth. This sexual disease is painless but very infectious.
There are some of the symptoms of early-stage syphilis are given below –
- Joint pain
- Lowering weight
- Hair loss
Syphilis is simply treated with the use of antibiotics. But this sexual disease in a newborn may be incurable. Thus, all pregnant ladies to be screened for syphilis. It is important to note that the early stage of syphilis is diagnosed and treated.
It is one of the common bacterial sexually transmitted diseases which is also known as ‘’the clap’’. Several people are suffering from gonorrhea develop without symptoms. The early stage of symptoms is as given below –
- Sore throat
- During sex or urination, pain or discomfort
- More rapidly urination than usual
- A beige or green or white or colored discharge from the vagina or penis
- Feel itching around the genitals.
Generally, this sexual disease can be treated with the use of antibiotics.