Hepatitis C - Types, Symptoms and Treatment
Hepatitis – This type of disease is an inflammation of the liver which is generally caused by a viral infection. Hepatitis is also caused by other factors including autoimmune hepatitis which occurs when the body creates antibodies against the liver tissue.
Now about 4.4 million Americans are suffering from chronic hepatitis B and C as per Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Some people did not know that they have hepatitis. The treatment of hepatitis depend upon which type of hepatitis that you are suffered.
Types of hepatitis – This disease are divided into different types such as hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Different types of virus is responsible for each one type of virally transmitted hepatitis disease. In these different types of hepatitis, hepatitis A is always a sensitive and short-term disease whereas hepatitis B, C, and D may be become ongoing and chronic. Generally hepatitis E is acute but may be hazardous to pregnant women.
Let us discuss hepatitis C in detail.
Hepatitis C – This disease is an infection in liver and result serious liver damage which is caused by the hepatitis C virus. There are about 3.9 million people in U.S. The virus spreads to e person by an infected blood of person or body fluids.
Symptoms of Hepatitis C – Some people who are suffered with hepatitis C have no symptoms. The time between 2 weeks and 6 months when the virus enters in your blood stream then you feel some hepatitis C symptoms of this disease are given below –
- Loss of appetite
- Clay-colored poop
- Dark urine
- Joint pain
- Stomach pain
How can you get Hepatitis C – This disease spreads when blood infected with the hepatitis C in your bloodstream via contact with the blood of an infected person that conditions are
- Being stuck by infected needles.
- Sharing personal items of infected person like toothbrushes, razor blades, and nail clippers.
- Sharing injection drugs and needles.
- Getting a tattoo or piercing with unclean equipment.
- Having sex, especially with infected person
- A mother can pass it to a child during birth.
Hepatitis C Testing and Diagnosis – There are several testing of this disease which are given below -
- Anti-HCV antibodies – The proteins inside the body makes when it finds the hepatitis C virus in the blood. Generally they show up around 12 weeks after infection.
- Liver function tests – This type of test measure protein and enzyme levels that normally rise 7 to 8 weeks after you are infected. When the liver gets damaged then enzymes leak in the bloodstream.
- HCV RNA – This test measures the number of viral RNA particles in the blood of the body. Generally they show up 1-2 weeks after you are infected.
Treatment for Hepatitis C – If you are suffered with Hepatitis C, then there is no recommended treatment of this disease. When the Hepatitis C is converted into chronic Hepatitis C infection then there are several medications available such as interferon, peginterferon, and ribavirin. These medications are used for the treatment of hepatitis C.
Side-effects of medications of Hepatitis C – There are several side-effects of medications of hepatitis c which are given below –
- Flu-like symptoms
- Trouble thinking
- Low blood counts
Difference between hepatitis A,B, and C – There are some differences between hepatitis a,b, and c are as given below –
Hepatitis A – This type of hepatitis is caused by an infection with the hepatitis A virus (HAV). This disease is most commonly transmitted by taking food or water infected by feces from a infected person with hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B – This type of hepatitis is caused or transmitted via contact with infected person having vaginal secretions, semen which contains the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is also cause by using Injection drug, sharing razors with an infected person and sex with an infected partner which increases the risk of getting hepatitis B.
As per estimation by the CDC, about 1.2 million people in the United States and 350 million people in all over the world live with this chronic disease.
Hepatitis C – This type of hepatitis is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is transmitted via direct contact with the infected person by using injection drug and sexual contact. At present, about 2.7 to 3.9 million people are living with a chronic form of this infection in America.