What are the Risk Factors of Penile Cancer?
It is one of the common forms of cancer which affects the tissues and skin of the penis of male people. In this type of cancer, it is harmful to the healthy tissues of the penis that makes then cancerous, and starts to grow rapidly which causes tumors. Penile cancer can also spread from the penis to other parts of the body including lymph nodes, glands, and other organs.
There are about 2,300 cases are identified in the United States. Penile cancer is very uncommon among male people in the United States. Some of the cases of penile cancer are linked with the Human Papillomavirus (HPV). When this cancer spreads, the patients have the chance to survive for about five years after the first diagnosis. If any delay in the treatment, then the rate of survival may be reduced. If penile cancer has already spread in the organs, surrounding tissues, and the regional lymph nodes then the survival rate reaches 50 percent. When the cancer is spread in other parts of the body then the survival rate reduces to 12 percent.
Types of Penile Cancer
There are some of the types of penile cancer which depends on the type of cell cancer are as given below –
- Carcinoma In Situ (CIS) – It is the specific type of squamous cell cancer that affects the cells in the skin of the penis and has not spread any deeper.
- Squamous cell penile cancer – It is one of the most common types of penile cancer that affects the cell present on the covering surface of the penis.
- Melanoma of the penis – It is that type of penile cancer in which a part of the skin gives color to the skin.
- Adenocarcinoma – It is that type of penile cancer in which when the cancerous cells begin to develop in the glandular cells of the penis then it is responsible to produce sweat is known as adenocarcinoma cancer.
Symptoms of Penile Cancer
There are some of the symptoms of penile cancer which are as given below –
- Red rashes on the penis
- Foul-smelling discharge
- The color of the penis’s skin is may seem to change
- Bleeding from the skin
If you are suffering from these symptoms then consult with your doctor for the treatment
Risk factors of Penile Cancer
If any male person with an uncircumcised penis is more prone to complications including smegma, and phimosis that increases the risk of developing penile cancer.
When any male individual is suffering from phimosis then it increases the risk of developing smegma. Phimosis is one of the complications in which the foreskin gets tightened and difficult to retract. Smegma is the substance that is formed by the moisture, oil, and dead skin cells and gets collected underneath the foreskin. Generally, it occurs when a male person does not clean the area under the foreskin properly.
There are some of the risk factors that increase the risk of developing penile cancer especially in male people are as given below –
- Smoking cigarettes
- Age of men are above or more than 60 years
- Any male person lives with hygiene practices and poor sanitation
- A male individual is suffering from a sexually transmitted infection such as the human papillomavirus (HPV).
Treatment of Penile Cancer
The treatment of penile cancer depends on the amount of cancer spread. There are some of the main treatments of penile cancer for the penile cancer are as given below –
- Chemotherapy – It is one of the treatments of penile cancer involves chemical drug therapy which helps in eliminating the cancerous cells in the body.
- Radiation therapy – It is also one of the treatments of penile cancer in which high-energy radiation therapy is used in removing or killing cancer cells.
- Circumcision – It is one of the processes in the treatment of penile cancer in which it removes the foreskin of the penis.
- Laser therapy – This type of treatment involves high-intensity light which is used in destroying cancer cells and tumors.
- Cryosurgery – It is one of the treatments of penile cancer involves the use of liquid nitrogen which freezes tumors and remove them.